The first step in treating chronic myelogenous leukemia is to determine the stage of the disease. This is an important step in cancer treatment, as it lets your doctor know how far the disease has spread and what treatment options are available. Most cancers use various criteria, including the size of the tumor, lymph node involvement, and local and distant spread, to stage cancer. Leukemia is different, however, because it does not have a solid form of cancer, and cancer staging does not apply to it. Instead, CML is staged according to the percentage of blast cells in the bone marrow and the stage of the disease. This is very important, as it can affect your outlook and make your treatment options more effective.
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A physical examination is essential for determining the severity of the disease, as well as the progression of the disease. A bone marrow biopsy is typically taken from the hip bone and sent to a pathology lab for analysis. The results of this test are then used to guide treatment. A PCR test makes millions of copies of DNA segments to make more accurate assessments. If your doctor suspects that you have chronic myelogenous leukemia, you should see a specialist as soon as possible.
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While the symptoms of chronic myelogenous leukemia usually do not progress rapidly, they can become more severe. The lowered number of white blood cells is a sign that the disease is progressing. Because white blood cells help to clot blood, anemia may cause frequent and prolonged infections. Platelets also play an important role in healing minor traumas, as they are responsible for clotting the blood and helping the edges of wounds bind together.
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The symptoms of chronic myelogenous leukemia often become worse over time. As the disease progresses, white blood cell counts decrease, making the patient more susceptible to infection. The reduced number of white blood cells makes the body vulnerable to infections. In addition to infection, the reduced platelet count means that even minor injuries cannot heal. The platelets are responsible for forming blood clots, which help the edges of wounds to bond together.
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During the early stages of the disease, a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia may experience a decreased platelet count. This will result in an increased risk of infections and a lower level of blood-cell production. Furthermore, the reduced platelet count will prevent the healing of minor injuries, especially those caused by trauma. Further, the disease can lead to anemia.
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The symptoms of chronic myelogenous leukemia vary from person to person. The most obvious symptom is anemia, which causes a lack of red blood cells in the body. The condition is not a life-threatening disease, but it can cause fatigue and joint pain. There are several symptoms of this disease. These include: a reduced platelet count, bone marrow swelling, and anemia.
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Despite the fact that it can be difficult to distinguish between acute and chronic stages, both types of the disease are similar. Acute myelogenous leukemia is characterized by an increased number of white blood cells. Patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia may have a decreased platelet count. Their white blood cell count will fall, which will result in more infections.
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Another symptom of this disease is anemia. The disease causes an increased number of white blood cells. The reduced white blood cell count will lead to frequent infections that can be dangerous to your health. Inflammation can also occur due to the lack of red blood cells. Affected individuals will have a reduced platelet count. They will also have low platelet counts. They will not be able to fight infections.
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Your doctor may also perform a bone marrow biopsy to see the extent of the disease. A marrow sample is often removed from a hip bone and sent to a pathology lab. In addition to the bone marrow biopsy, your doctor may order a PCR test to analyze your blood. The results of this test will help you decide which treatment option is the most appropriate for you.